视觉中国 / 文案：历史上的今天是孔子诞辰
Confucius’s Birthday, the full name of Confucius’ Birthday Anniversary, is a festival to commemorate the birth of Confucius. It falls on the 27th day of the eighth lunar month in the 22nd year of Lu Xianggong, which is Gengzi Day (Zhou Zheng) in October of the 22nd year of Lu Xianggong or September 28th in the Western calendar. day. Confucius was a famous educator in the Spring and Autumn Period and was revered as the most holy teacher. He was born in the 22nd year of Lu Xianggong (551 BC) in Qufu, Shandong Province today.
The birth date of Confucius has always been controversial and not clear. During the Republic of China, the birth date of Confucius recorded in the “Gu Liang Biography” which was highly accepted by the people was used as the standard, which was “the twenty-seventh day of the eighth lunar month”. Due to the promotion of Western learning in modern times, it was calculated as the Western calendar. However, there are two main Western calendars, namely the “Julian calendar” and the “Gregorian calendar”, which were calculated as the “Julian calendar”. October 4, 551 BC ” and “September 28, 551 BC in the Gregorian calendar”. In the end, the government chose the mainstream “Gregorian calendar” and set the “Teachers’ Day” at that time as September 28.
Confucius (September 28, 551 BC), courtesy name Zhongni, was a native of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period. Confucius is a great thinker and educator in ancient my country, the founder of Confucianism, and one of the most famous cultural celebrities in the world. Compiled my country’s first chronological history book, “Spring and Autumn”. According to relevant records, Confucius was born in Changping Township, Zouyi, Lu State (now Luyuan Village, Nanxin Town, southeast of Qufu City, Shandong Province); when Confucius died, he was 73 years old and was buried on the Surabaya River in the north of Qufu City, where Confucius is located.
Confucius’ words and deeds are mainly recorded in the Analects, a collection of quotation-style prose, and “Historical Records: Confucius’ Family” preserved in the pre-Qin and Qin-Han Dynasties. The core of Confucius’ ideological system is the rule of virtue. He persistently advocated a moralized society and a moralized life. The highest standard of a moralized society is “propriety”, and the highest value of a moralized life is “benevolence”.
Kong Shengren is the founder of Confucianism and the world’s most famous cultural celebrity. He is also proficient in the Book of Changes and the author of “Ten Wings”. Confucius is the first person in ancient China to break through the religious attitude towards natural landscapes. I love nature even more than natural landscapes. , nature contains disasters, earthquakes, tornadoes, the extinction of dinosaurs, etc., while natural landscapes are eternal good Feng Shui, which puts forward the famous aesthetic proposition that “the wise enjoy water, and the benevolent enjoy mountains” (“The Analects of Confucius·Yongye”).
Prepared By Angobiz